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Schadography 23

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Christian Schad (1894–1982)around 1960Germanygelatin silver print21,8 x 17,5 cm

Schadographies are photographic collages produced without a camera. They make use of the well known principle of the photogram method, a method that uses the placement of objects on light-sensitive paper or film and then exposes the paper or film with the objects to light. Very little or no light penetrates the objects, which leaves marks that resemble silhouettes. The individual credited with the discovery of this phenomenon was the painter and graphic artist Christian Schad (1894 – 1982), who first employed this method around 1915. When creating his innovative pictures, Schad often used two-dimensional transparent material, including textiles or newspaper cuttings.